Bingham Statistics

The Bingham[1] distribution describes the distribution of points on a sphere (or, equivalently, three-dimensional directions). It is an alternative to the more widely used Fisher distribution. Although it is more complex than the Fisher distribution, it has the advantage of being able to represent data sets clustered about two antipodal directions. This can make it useful for analysis of data sets spanning a geomagnetic reversal, provided that it can be safely assumed that the modes are antipodal.


  1. ^ Bingham, C. (1974). An antipodally symmetric distribution on the sphere. The
    Annals of Statistics, 2(6), 1201–1225.

Further Reading

Can be removed if not needed.

See Also

[Directional Statistics]
[Fisher Statistics]